Introduction to Music Production

Learn about the music production process—including recording, editing, and mixing—and the tools available to you to create contemporary music on your computer.

About The Course

With the recent introduction of high-quality-low-cost software and hardware, the tools of music production are now available to the masses. Albums are made in bedrooms as well as studios. On the surface this is liberating. Anyone can make an album for the low cost of a couple pieces of gear and a software package. But, if you dig deeper, you will find that it is not so easy. Producing music requires knowledge, dedication, and creativity.
    
Knowledge is where this course comes in. No matter what kind of music you are making, there is a large set of tools that you will need to use.  Each lesson of this course will demonstrate a different set of music production tools, loosely following along the music production process of recording, editing, and mixing.

We will start with some background on the nature of sound and how we perceive it. We will then examine the components necessary to record audio into a computer, so that you understand the devices that sound must travel through in a music production process.
    
Once recorded, sound must be organized along a timeline, a process known as editing. It allows us to give the impression of perfect performances and create many of the sounds we hear in contemporary music. The contemporary editing tool is the Digital Audio Workstation (DAW),  a piece of software that stores and organizes all the assets of a musical project. We will focus on the editing tools that are essential in contemporary music production and that all DAWs provide.

After editing, sounds must be combined or mixed together, so we look to the mixing board—a very creative place if you know how to use it. We will explore the basic functionality of both hardware and software mixing boards, including volume, pan, mute, solo, busses, inserts, sends, and submixes. The mixing process, however, includes more tools than the mixing board provides on its own. Sound must also be processed, modified from its recorded state to fit the context of the music. We will look at compression, equalization, and delay, and examine the many audio effects that are offshoots of these devices and how they are used in a musical context.
    
We will then explore the synthesizer, a major tool within the production of contemporary music. Yes, great music can and will be created without the synthesizer, but learning how a synthesizer works will give you a language to describe sound. Music is a collaborative art form, so there is nothing more powerful than effective communication.
   
In the end, the music production process relies on your creativity. Creativity is a product of the mind and will stay there, unexpressed, until the right tools are used in the right way to share it with the world. If you have an idea in your head, it will take numerous steps, each with an important tool, to reach your audience. You bring the dedication and creativity, and this course will bring you the knowledge to make that happen.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Do I need any special software for this course?
To get the most out of this course, you should have a Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) installed on your computer. Examples include GarageBand, Pro Tools, Logic, Live, Reason, SONAR, and Digital Performer. Assignments in the course will ask you to apply what you are learning to your DAW and output your creations in MP3 format for peer review.
  • What level of experience should I have with my DAW?
You do not need a lot of experience working with your DAW, but you should know how to perform tasks, such as creating audio tracks, adding audio effects (EQ, noise gate, compressor, delay, and reverb), creating MIDI tracks, adding a software synthesizer to a MIDI track, exporting an audio file, and creating an MP3 file.

Recommended Background

You should be able to perform the following tasks in a Digital Audio Workstation (DAW), such as GarageBand, Pro Tools, Logic, Live, Reason, SONAR, or Digital Performer:
  • Create audio tracks
  • Add audio effects (EQ, Noise Gate, Compressor, Delay, and Reverb)
  • Create MIDI tracks
  • Add a software synthesizer to a MIDI track
  • Export an audio file
  • Create an MP3 file